What is Penetration Testing?
Penetration Testing (also called Ethical Hacking) is a cyber-attack authorized by a company on its own systems in order to ensure it can withstand a real cyber-attack. It also helps to find out what information can be accessed by the people behind such attacks. This is a part of the IT security audit that every business needs to undertake periodically in order to keep itself secured. While most of the Penetration Testing happens on the business network & office equipment, it is also important to check employee devices such as mobile phones, tablets or laptops if they are used for office work.
The reason for doing so is due to the high risk of hackers & cyber criminals misusing data. They wish to profit from accessing & using it without permission from its owners. They are always on the lookout for any chance to get it. It is for this purpose, businesses need to protect themselves by finding & fixing loopholes & vulnerabilities in their systems. The testing can be done using manual or automated Penetration Testing methods either by the employees themselves or through an external agency.
Once the whole process is completed, it is upto the management to decide on the next course of action. Either the management may decide to implement all or some of the recommendations or may not implement anything. If the steps that were recommended by the ethical hacker were implemented, then it is also necessary to check & measure its impact.